Organic Acidemia Metabolic Disorders

(MHBD) 2-Methyl-3-Hydroxybutyrl CoA Dehydrogenase deficiency

(2MBCD) 2-Methylbutyryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

(HMG) 3-hydroxy-3 -methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency

(3-MCC) 3-methylcrotonyl- CoA carboxylase deficiency

(MGA) 3-Methylglutaconic acidemia or 3-Methylglutaconyl-CoA Hydratase Deficiency


(D2-HGA) D-2 Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria

(GA-I) Glutaryl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency Type I aka Glutaric Acidemia Type I

(ICBD) Isobutyryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency 3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciduria

(IVA) Isovaleryl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency aka Isovaleric Acidemia

(L2HGA) L-2-Hydroxy- glutaricaciduria

(MA) Malonyl-CoA Decarboxylase Deficiency aka Malonic Acidemia

(MMA) Methlymalonic Acidemia

(BKT) Mitochondrial Acetoacetyl CoA Thiolase- (3-Ketothiolase)

(MCD, holocarboxylase synthetase) Multiple carboxylase deficiency

(PA) Propionyl CoA Carboxylase Deficiency aka Propionic Acidemia

(HIBCH) 3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA Hydrolase Deficiency

(GA-1) Glutaric Acidemia Type 1 aka

Glutaryl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency Type 1

Glutaric acidemia type 1 is an inherited disorder in which the body is unable to process certain proteins properly. People with this disorder have inadequate levels of an enzyme that helps break down the amino acids lysine, hydroxylysine and tryptophan, which are building blocks of protein. Excessive levels of these amino acids and their intermediate breakdown products can accumulate and cause damage to the brain, particularly the basal ganglia, which are regions that help control movement. Mental retardation may also occur.

The severity of glutaric acidemia type 1 varies widely; some individuals are only mildly affected, while others have severe problems. Some babies with glutaric acidemia type 1 are born with unusually large heads (macrocephaly). Affected individuals may have difficulty moving and may experience spasms, jerking, rigidity or decreased muscle tone. Some individuals with glutaric acidemia have developed bleeding in the brain or eyes that could be mistaken for the effects of child abuse. Strict dietary control may help limit progression of the neurological damage. Stress caused by infection, fever or other demands on the body may lead to worsening of the signs and symptoms, with only partial recovery. more >>

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